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Florida Drug Schedules

How Florida Drug Laws Handle Different Substances

In the state of Florida, drugs are classified and placed into different categories based upon several factors. This mostly focuses on the potential for abuse that each drug has, as well as whether or not there are currently any accepted medical uses for the drug. Many of these Schedules mirror what is laid out in the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) which was enacted into law by Congress in 1970. On the federal level, the Drug Enforcement Administration and the Food and Drug Administration oversee this. On the state level, however, is it explained in Florida Statute §893.09.

Simple definitions of drug schedules in Florida are as follows:

  • Schedule I
    These are drugs that have a very high potential for abuse, as well as no acceptable medical treatment. Even when used with medical supervision, there are no ways it could meet any safety standards. Florida Schedule I drugs include heroin, ecstasy, peyote, methaqualone, and more. Notably, heavy-handed drug laws include marijuana as a Schedule I substance in Florida. While the state has taken steps to lessen penalties for marijuana, it remains illegal in the state.
  • Schedule II
    While drugs classified in Schedule II have less potential for abuse than drugs in Schedule I, there is still the potential for heavy abuse. These drugs do have some accepted medical treatment in the United States. Use of the substance could lead to physical and psychological dependence, as well as physical harm. Florida schedule II drugs include cocaine, meth, fentanyl, and Vicodin.
  • Schedule III
    The potential for abuse with Schedule III drugs is far lower than the two schedules explained above. While there is an accepted medical use in the United States, it's important to note that use of these drugs can still result in low to moderate physical dependence, along with high psychological dependence. Drugs labeled as schedule III in Florida include codeine, ketamine, anabolic steroids, and testosterone.
  • Schedule IV
    Drugs that are placed in this schedule have a low potential for abuse, along with an accepted medicinal use. The physical & psychological dependence that may occur from the use of these drugs is limited. Drugs labeled as schedule IV in Florida include Ambien, Xanax,Tramadol, and Valium.
  • Schedule V
    The potential for abuse with Schedule V drugs is even lower than Schedule IV drugs. There are currently accepted medical uses for treatment in the United States, with limited potential for dependence. Florida considers substances such as Lomotil, Parepectolin, and Motofen to be schedule V substances.

If you would like to learn more about our firm or the different ways in which we can help you to seek a just outcome, please do not hesitate to pick up the phone and call us today. We know what is at stake and will fight for your future.

How Does This Affect My Drug Crime Case?

While these classifications may not seem significant, the truth is that it will have a profound impact on the overall outcome of your case. While the amount of the drugs will play a large role in determining the overall penalties that you could potentially be facing, so will the schedule of the drug. For example, according to Florida Statute §893.13 (2012) it is considered a criminal offense to sell, deliver, or possess a controlled substance with the intentions to sell it.

The state of Florida has penalties for drug crimes such as:

Penalties for Drug Crimes in Florida

The penalties, however, differ depending on the drug that is being possessed. Generally speaking, the state treats drug crimes more seriously the closure to being a Schedule I substance they are. Additionally, penalties for Florida drug crimes might significantly increase depending on how much of a substance a person is charged with having.

If the drug is in Schedule V, the defendant could be facing a first degree misdemeanor with penalties that include imprisonment that does not exceed a year and a fine not exceeding $1,000. If the drug, however, was a Schedule I, it is considered a second degree felony. Penalties for that include imprisonment not exceeding 15 years and a fine that does not exceed $10,000.

Drug Crime Lawyers Helping Those Facing Charges for all Florida Drug Schedules

Due to the severity of the penalties surrounding a drug crime, it is exceedingly important that no time is wasted in consult with a Tampa drug crime lawyer. Notably, Florida drug laws have earned notoriety for their harsh penalties on convicted offenders. While some people are advocating to change these laws, the best defense from them remains having the assistance of an experienced Florida drug crime defense firm such as Thomas & Paulk, P.A..

With more than 20 years of collective experience, our attorneys at Thomas & Paulk, P.A. are prepared to go above and beyond in our efforts to provide our clients with reliable legal assistance.

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At our law firm, we are here to help you during challenging times. To get the help that you deserve, give us a call today.

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